Guidelines for Diagnosis of Unilateral Pleural Effusion
Pleural disease is common problem faced by family practitioners, general physicians and especially respiratory physicians. A pleural effusion is an abnormal collection of fluid in the pleural space. It is the most common manifestation of pleural disease. Pleural effusion is a common disease worldwide. Approximately 1.5 million pleural effusions are diagnosed in the United States each year. The estimated prevalence in developed countries is 320 cases per 100,000 population. The exact prevalence in under-developed countries has not been estimated, but tuberculosis (Tb) remains an important cause. Pleural disease results from a wide range of diseases, therefore, needs a systematic approach to investigation in order to reach to diagnosis and proper management. These guidelines attempt to help health care professionals to manage patients with pleural disease in a systematic way in the light of best clinical evidence taking into consideration the local context.